sexta-feira, 5 de agosto de 2016

Cinema 2.016 - Snowden

Snowden is an upcoming American biographical political thriller film directed by Oliver Stone and written by Stone and Kieran Fitzgerald. The film is based on the books The Snowden Files by Luke Harding and Time of the Octopus by Anatoly Kucherena. The film stars an ensemble cast including Joseph Gordon-Levitt, Shailene Woodley, Melissa Leo, Zachary Quinto, Tom Wilkinson, Scott Eastwood, Logan Marshall-Green, Timothy Olyphant, Ben Schnetzer, LaKeith Lee Stanfield, Rhys Ifans, and Nicolas Cage. Filming began on February 16, 2015 in Munich, Germany.

Snowden had a screening at Comic-Con on July 21, 2016 and is scheduled to be released in North America on September 16, 2016, by Open Road Films.


Snowden é um filme americano de biografia, um thriller político dirigido por Oliver Stone e escrito por Stone e Kieran Fitzgerald. O filme é baseado nos livros "The Snowden Files" der Luke Harding e Time of the Octopus  de Anatoly Kucherena . O filme é estrelado por  Joseph Gordon-Levitt , Shailene Woodley , Melissa Leo , Zachary Quinto , Tom Wilkinson , Scott Eastwood , Logan Marshall-Green , Timothy Olyphant , Ben Schnetzer , LaKeith Lee Stanfield , Rhys Ifans , e Nicolas Cage . As filmagens começaram em 16 de fevereiro, 2015, em Munique, Alemanha.


The film follows Edward Snowden, an American computer professional who leaked classified information from the National Security Agency to The Guardian in June 2013.

Tradução: O filme gira em torno de Edward Snowden. um especialista em computação que vaza informações secretas da Agência de Segurança Nacional (NSA),  para o The Guardian em junho de 2.013.

Como podemos notar pelos trailers, o filme mostra a pessoa de Snowden e o conflito pessoal de um americano patriota e que acredita na justiça, deparando-se com uma situação em que a estratégia fala mais alto. 

Situações como essa exigem o politicamente correto, acontece que jovens como Snowden não estão dispostos a fazer o jogo sujo da polícia em nome de uma política da qual ele não faz parte. E o diretor Oliver Stone conhece muito bem esse sentimento, como retratou em "Platoon".

Lembrando que a Globo faz isso o tempo todo, invade a privacidade das pessoas com a ajuda de antena parabólica e dispositivos embutidos em aparelhos. Infelizmente, nós brasileiros nem lonconhecemos o conceito de privacidade e quando discutimos o tema, falamos dos EUA, que para nósé uma ficção, longe de nossa realidade.


Joseph Gordon-Levitt as Edward Joseph Snowden
Shailene Woodley as Lindsay Mills
Melissa Leo as Laura Poitras
Zachary Quinto as Glenn Greenwald
Tom Wilkinson as Ewen MacAskill
Scott Eastwood as Trevor
Logan Marshall-Green
Timothy Olyphant
Ben Schnetzer
LaKeith Lee Stanfield
Rhys Ifans
Nicolas Cage

Oliver Stone personally met Edward Snowden multiple times in Moscow and spent time researching what happened to him.
When Oliver Stone was first approached to helm the film, he hesitated. He was working on another controversial subject, about the last few years in the life of Martin Luther King Jr. with Jamie Foxx attached to star, and did not immediately wish to tackle something that incendiary again. Albeit hesitant to direct the film, a series of events and persuasion prompted him to finally agree to direct it. Glenn Greenwald, the journalist who worked with Poitras to break the Snowden story, asked him for some advice while a couple of months later, Snowden's Russian lawyer, Anatoly Kucherena, contacted him via his producer asking Stone to meet him. Columbia Pictures already had the rights to journalist Glenn Greenwald’s book on the case. On June 2, 2014, it was announced that Stone and Moritz Borman acquired the rights to the nonfiction book The Snowden Files by Luke Harding, and that Stone would write and direct a film based on it. His desire to make a film on Martin Luther King Jr. was scrapped since he was committed to direct Snowden. On June 10, 2014, Stone acquired the rights to another book, Time of the Octopus by Anatoly Kucherena. Stone would use both books as the sources to write his screenplay. On November 6, 2014, Open Road Films acquired the U.S. rights to the film, while Wild Bunch was set to handle foreign sales. Deadline confirmed on November 10, 2014 that Endgame Entertainment had boarded the film to produce.[8] In April 2015, WikiLeaks revealed that Stone paid $700,000 for the rights to Harding's book and $1 million for rights to Kucherena's novel.


"It's a very strange thing to do [a story about] an American man, and not be able to finance this movie in America. And that's very disturbing, if you think about its implications on any subject that is not overtly pro-American. They say we have freedom of expression; but thought is financed, and thought is controlled, and the media is controlled. This country is very tight on that, and there’s no criticism allowed at a certain level. You can make movies about civil rights leaders who are dead, but it’s not easy to make one about a current man."
—Oliver Stone, director of Snowden, on the difficulty of making the film in the U.S.
Before production began, Stone and Gordon-Levitt personally met Snowden in Moscow in 2015 where he had been living in exile with his girlfriend Lindsay Mills since evading the U.S. government's attempts to arrest him for espionage. Gordon-Levitt described him as a person who is akin to Philippe Petit (Gordon-Levitt starred as Petit in the 2015 film The Walk). However, problems arose in Russia as companies that were affiliated with the U.S. refused to get involved in the project. Furthermore, no studio was ready to support it. It became extremely difficult for Stone who had to finance everything along with the producer. Eventually, financing came through from France and Germany, and shot the film in Germany as a German production, with contracts being signed eight days before production began.


On September 21, 2014, Joseph Gordon-Levitt was in talks to play Edward Snowden, the American computer professional who leaked classified information from the National Security Agency (NSA) to the mainstream media starting in June 2013. On November 10, 2014, news confirmed that Gordon-Levitt would be starring in the lead role. On November 14, 2014, Shailene Woodley was in final talks to join the film to play Snowden's girlfriend, Lindsay Mills. On February 2, 2015, Scott Eastwood joined the cast to play an NSA agent. On February 4, 2015, three more actors joined the cast; Melissa Leo will play documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras, Zachary Quinto will play Glenn Greenwald, the journalist chosen by Snowden to leak sensitive information, and Tom Wilkinson will play Ewen MacAskill, defense and intelligence correspondent for The Guardian, who helped report the Snowden story. On February 13, 2015, Variety reported that Ben Schnetzer had also joined the film. On February 19, 2015, Timothy Olyphant joined the film to star as a CIA agent who befriended Snowden before he fled to Russia,[17] and Rhys Ifans and Joely Richardson were added to the cast of the film on February 20, 2015. Nicolas Cage also signed on to play the role of a former US Intelligence official on February 23, 2015. Keith Stanfield was added to the cast on February 25, 2015 to play a National Security Agency co-worker and a close friend to Snowden.

For his role as Snowden, Joseph Gordon-Levitt pledged to donate his entire salary from the film to "help facilitate the conversation" about the relationship between technology and democracy.


Principal photography began on February 16, 2015 in Munich, Germany. Shooting was underway in Washington, D.C. in early-April. Shooting in Hawaii began on April 15 and lasted until April 18. The house used to film is on the same street Edward Snowden lived on. At the end of April, Hong Kong press reported that crews started filming in The Mira Hong Kong, followed by outdoor filming in some old buildings in To Kwa Wan. Shooting lasted until mid-May.

Due to fear of interference by the National Security Agency, Stone decided to shoot the film outside of the United States. "We felt like we were at risk here. We didn’t know what the NSA might do, so we ended up in Munich, which was a beautiful experience," Stone said.


On February 20, 2015, Open Road Films set the film for a December 25, 2015 domestic release. Pathé would release the film in France on December 30, 2015 and Universum Film would release in Germany on January 7, 2016. However, in September 2015, Open Road moved the film from its Christmas Day release date to 2016. The studio did not give reasons for the delay, however The Hollywood Reporter reported that maybe it was because the film was not finished yet. On October 7, 2015, the film was set for a May 13, 2016 release. On February 19, 2016, the release date was again pushed back to September 16 to qualify as an awards contender. The official trailer was published on April 27, 2016.

The film was invited to compete at the 2016 Cannes Film Festival. The festival's director, Thierry Frémaux, saw the film, and praised it, calling it a "really good film. It complements Citizenfour marvelously. It helps understand a lot of things". Frémaux said he wanted the film to screen at Cannes, but explained that the film's producers "want to aim for the Oscars, so for them a Cannes premiere was a little too early". It will be shown at the 2016 Toronto Film Festival and will have its European premiere at the 64th San Sebastián Film Festival.

Stone held a private screening of Snowden at the former home of Ernest Hemingway in Sun Valley for an invited audience of around two dozen including actress Melissa Leo, who portrayed documentary filmmaker Laura Poitras. Guests were required to sign non-disclosure agreements. The film received critical praise from the attendees where one audience member was quoted saying, "What he did that’s so brilliant is, he gave this kid’s whole back story, so you really like him."

The film had an invitation-only screening at San Diego Comic-Con on July 21, 2016. A second trailer for the film was released at the event.

Directed byOliver Stone
Produced by
  • Moritz Borman
  • Eric Kopeloff
  • Philip Schulz-Deyle
  • Fernando Sulichin
Screenplay by
  • Kieran Fitzgerald
  • Oliver Stone
Based on
Music by Adam Peters
CinematographyAnthony Dod Mantle
Edited by
  • Alex Marquez
  • Lee Percy
Distributed byOpen Road Films
Release dates
Data de estréia
  • September 16, 2016(United States)
  • 16 de setembro de 2.016 (Estados Unidos)
United States
Estados Unidos


Cinema 2.016